Anticorro

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Kód Zakončení Kredity Rozsah Jazyk výuky Semestr
304ANCZ Z 3 72 hodiny výuky za celý semestr (45 minut), 21 až 36 hodin domácí příprava anglicky letní

Garant předmětu

Jméno vyučujícího (jména vyučujících)

Výsledky učení dané vzdělávací složky

Practical experience with studio lighting

Forma studia

practical exercise

Předpoklady a další požadavky

advanced experience as cinematographers, ability to handle more advanced filmmaking tasks

Successful completion of “lighting seminar 1 – 4” and workshops “shots in studio 1 - 2”.

Obsah kurzu

short fiction (b/w, 35mm) depicting various light atmospheres; light changes in the shot; use of practical lights; dramaturgic use of light; correct exposure according to the intended atmosphere.

being the final, main project of 2nd year’s studies, this short film should creatively apply acquired knowledges and skills during first two years of studies.

if the cinematography student is working with a director, he or she has to bear in mind that Anticorro is a cinematography/ lighting exercise, which only the cinematography student is responsible for. a director can come in to help out, but definitely not take over.

Literary script:

The story of a night opens with a darkened room illuminated by street light.

The atmosphere is suddenly disturbed by an unknown person entering. The figure moves around the room with distinctive uncertainty and finds out the pieces of furnishing in the light of a torch (pocket light). The stranger’s expression reveals a certain degree of concentration and curiosity. He walks through the spaces when, suddenly, he is interrupted by light turned on in the hallway next door by a girl coming in. The stranger hides quickly. The girl takes off her coat; she is distressed and suspects she is not alone there. She enters a room and turns the ceiling light on, looks around but finds nothing suspicious.

She goes back to the hallway and turns the light out. She also turns off the light in the room, walks over to her vanity table, carrying her handbag; there, she turns on a table lamp and removes her make up. Her actions are constantly observed by the stranger. Once she has finished with her face, she turns the lamp off, walks over to the bedside table where she turns on a bedside lamp. She takes her clothes off. The stranger’s attention intensifies. The girl puts on a nightie and lies down. The stranger quietly approaches the girl and turns the bedside lamp off. The girl freezes, turns over towards the source of noise and then quickly curls up in the corner of the sofa. She can see the silhouette of a figure against the window, coming closer. In a flash, the stranger turns on the torch (pocket light) which pours sharp light on her helpless, scared face. The stranger mercilessly walks closer and closer. The girl has been overcome by fear. His other hand is holding the glinting blade of an enormous knife. The girl has no more strength; she collapses and falls down unconscious. A vigorous move of the knife not aimed to hurt the victim, the girl.

Genre: drama, horror, tension, mystery, comedy, gag…

This literary script is given, in the sense that it has to used in principle. (number of actors, length etc) Of course each student will create their own interpretation of the plot, setting, roles. After approval of synopsis and script the student creates a technical script / shooting board (15- 25 shots).

The scripts, shooting plan, lighting plan, production plan and budget, art department need to be approved by the head teacher prior to shooting.

Approval schedule:

-synopsis, script: 2 months before shooting

-technical script/ shooting board: 1 month before shooting

-art department: 1 month before shooting

-production plan and budget: (studio famu) 1 month before shooting

-shooting plan, floor plan, lighting plan: 2 weeks before shooting

Obligatory light changes and shots: WS = wide shot, MS = medium shot

  1. window in the shot: balance between outside (with visible details) and inside: WS
  2. “film night” - light through the window from outside: WS
  3. “film night” with electric torch pointing towards camera with and without silhuette against night window
  4. effect of electric torch on some object: MS
  5. switching on and off of a light in the other room; light coming in through a door: WS
  6. switching on and off of ceiling light: WS
  7. switching on and off of practical lights: MS
  8. at least one shot with a e.g. metal surface reflecting in the light during a movement. (hence the name: “stainless steel knife”)

light changes must be executed during the shot, without changing the T-stop.

the size and angle of the shots must be chosen in a way, that these light changes are intelligible and expressive.

light effects like police alarm lights, cars passing and similar are possible but are considered as light effects and not as light changes

Notes

ono sync sound shooting, silent.

oschool equipmet only: all studio FAMU

•camera: arri 3 or moviecam with standard settings: 4perf; shutter 180 degrees @ 25fps

•aspect ratio 1:1.85

•spherical lenses: set of Zeiss superspeeds

•no zoom

•accessories: followfocus, mattebox, batteries etc

•lights: installed in studio

•grip equipment: set of tripods, hihat, straight tracks and dolly base; accessories

ocamera moves: pan, tilt, travelling. NO jib. NO crane. NO steadycam. NO gimbals etc

oNO VFX

oSFX: NO rain or snow. drops on windows possible. wind possible.

oNO OPEN FIRE like torches, fireplaces etc. NO explosions.

ocigarettes with reserve only, definitely NO throwing on the floor

osmoke, haze, fog etc strongly NOT recommended.

oif somebody plans to have some kind of light version of special effects or sophisticated props, he or she must count double to triple time to rehearse and shoot it. so he or she must plan accordingly less shots overall.

oset will be built to meet the requirements of this exercise and WILL BASICALLY STAY THE SAME FOR ALL STUDENTS (floorplan, window, doors, wall colours, etc). each student choses/ finds own props, furniture, removable sidewalls, props, furniture etc. all provided by studio famu

oshooting takes place in the big atelier of studio FAMU

oeach student has 1 day prep/ prelight, 3 days shooting, 1 day liquidation

oshooting time is 8:30 - 16.30; leave studio by 17.00

oall students must be present all the time, helping each other out

otitles

workflow:

  1. shooting
  2. developing of negative 480m in CT lab
  3. grading of dailies in CT lab according to grey chart
  4. film print, 480m - “dailies”
  5. editing of film print on classical analog editing table with editor from editing dpt: no sound; “creative edit” = serviska: maximum cca 100m:
  1. scan of all negative 480m
  2. digital editing
  3. digital grading
  4. sound postproduction
  5. digiprint with sound: DCP @ bachelor exam for KK and graduation set for CINKK (+ export to ProRes 422): final year exams (klauzury ) KK 3.r. a cinkk3

Doporučená nebo povinná literatura

american cinematographer’s manual

John Alton, “Painting with Light”

Sven Nykvist, “Reverence for the light” 1997

D. Schaefer and L. Salvato, “Masters of light” 1984

F. Truffaut, “le cinema selon Hitchcock” 1966

K. Malkiewicz, “film lighting” 1986

D. Samuelson, “motion picture, camera and lighting equipment” 1980

Studio´s FAMU equipment

The White book – Production list

Hodnoticí metody a kritéria

classified grades from commission (klauzura)

end of 2nd year: screening and assessment of silent serviska

end of 3rd year/ final exams: screening and assessment of digital print with sound

Poznámka

No sync sound shooting, silent.

Studio FAMU equipment only:

camera: arri 3 with standard settings (see White Book)

no zoom

4perf; shutter 180 degrees @ 25fps

aspect ratio 1:1.85

Camera moves: pan, tilt, travelling. NO jib. NO crane. NO steadycam. NO gimbals etc.

NO VFX

SFX: NO rain or snow. Drops on windows possible. Wind possible. NO OPEN FIRE like torches, fireplaces, flame cutters etc.

NO explosions or gunshots.

Cigarettes with reserve, if permitted by supervisor.

Smoke, haze, fog etc. strongly NOT recommended (only if permitted by supervisor).

The set will be built to meet the requirements of this exercise (after consultation with film architect) and WILL STAY THE SAME FOR ALL STUDENTS (floorplan, window, doors, wall colours). Changes to the floorplan in the set and wall colours cannot be accepted. Each student choses/ finds own props, furniture etc. upon consultation with supervisor and Studio FAMU person in charge.

Each student has 1/2 day prep, 2 days shooting, 1/2 day liquidation

During shooting the studio working hours have to be respected

Workflow:

  1. shooting
  2. developing of negative 480m in film lab
  3. grading of dailies in film lab according to grey chart/onelight with presence of student
  4. film print, 480m - “dailies” according to grey chart with screening
  5. editing of film print on classical analog editing table with editor from editing dpt: no sound; “creative edit”
  6. creative edit screening for mentor for approval prior to handing the print to the film lab
  7. cutting of negative in CT lab according to “creative edit” = serviska
  8. grading in film lab with presence of student
  9. film print; silent; maximum 120m screening for mentor
  10. final year exams (klauzury ) KK 2nd year, CINKK 1st year
  11. scan of negative max. 120m
  12. analysis with teacher
  13. grading of digi intermediate
  14. sound postproduction with supervisor’s approval
  15. screening for mentor: compoarison film print vs digi print
  16. digiprint with sound: DCP made by Studio FAMU, screening at bachelor exam for KK and graduation set for CINKK (+ export to ProRes 422)

steps 11-16 are part of the seminar “colour grading workshop 1” and take place in the following semester

Další informace

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