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Name of lecturer(s)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
An introduction to the history of color-photography including practical samples and analysis of the potential of modern color photography considering to-date achieved true color reproduction.
Mode of study
Lectures are supplemented with samples and extensive image materials.
Prerequisites and co-requisites
This course is intended for bachelor students.
- Color reproduction issues:
Fundamental colorimetry and colorimetric concepts.
Additive and subtractive principles of color reproduction, exact colorimetric
color reproduction, subjective and objective evaluation of reproduction quality,
influence of viewing conditions, influence of memory, reproduction of responses in the conscious -
optimal color production.
- The history of color photography:
Direct and indirect color photography. The Lippman process. Color analysis and synthesis
Important additive processes.
Extracts from the works of J.C. Maxwell, separated fields, time and space parallax, photographic cameras.
Screening systems - mechanic/Autochrome, Dufaycolor/.
optical /Agfacolor , Kodacolor/
Significant subtractive processes , hydro-typical processes /tanning development, two layer, three layer, multi-layer materials, Kodachrome and Agfacolor-Neu
- The chemistry of color photography
Primary and secondary color development, color couplers, developing agents, bleaching, fixing.
- Existing processes
Structure and processing of color reversal, negative and positive materials
Automatic masking, interimage effects, contrast mask, unsharp mask
Aditive printers, subtractive printers,
Basic conditions for duplication
Methods of grading, senzitometric control
Who demonstrated the first color photography,
Describe Lippmann method
What types of screen processes do you know
Describe Technicolor proces
What is the difference between Kodachrome and Agfacolor Neu
Who was Rudolf Fischer
What is the secondary color development
What is the primary color development
What are color matching functions
Describe conditions of exact color reproduction
What is the difference between aditive and subtractive color reproduction
Describe structure of modern color negative
Describe structure of recent color print film
How is achieved reversed order of layers in positive print film
What is the reason for reversed order of layers
Describe basic principle of color development
What is the basic developing agent for color photography
How we classify color couplers
What is the process of silver bleaching
Describe processing steps of color reversal material
Describe processing steps of Kodachrome
Describe processing steps of a color negative
Why we need masking
How we create automatic mask in color negative
What is the inter-image effect and how could be used
Describe additive color printer
How works subtractive color printer
How could you eliminate reddish tone of the image with aditive printer
How could you eliminate yellow tone of the print with aditive printer
How could you eliminate magenta tone with subtractive printer
How could you eliminate blue tone of the print with subtractive pointer
Joseph S. Friedman: History of Color Photography, The American Photographic Publishing Comp., 1947
Michale J.Langford: Advanced Photography, The Focal Press, 1972
Grant Haist: Modern Photographic Processing, John Wiley and Sons, 1979
L.F.A. Mason: Photographic Processing Chemistry, The Focal Press, 1966
R.W.G. Hunt: The Reproduction of Colour, Fountain Press, London, 1967
Dean B.Judd, Gunter Wyszecki : Color in Business, Science and Industry, John Wiley and Sons, 1975
Recommended or required reading
Povinná literatura :
J. Pecák: Subjektivní aspekty reprodukce barevným filmem /1974/
Šmok J., Pecák J., Tausk P.: Barevná fotografie /1975/
Jiráček M., Hálová A., Morávek J.: Fotografický slovník /1955/
Normy: ČSN 360000 - Světelné technické názvosloví, ČSN 011718 - Měření barev
Doporučená literatura /zvláště pro cizince/:
Artjušin L.F.: Osnovy vosproizvěděnija světa /1970/
Friedman J.S.: History of Color Photography /1969/
Hunt R.W.G.: The Reproduction of Colour /1967/
Spencer D.A.: Colour Photography in Practice /1969/
Herder A.: The M anual of Photography, formerly the Ilrord, Manual of Photography /1971/
Clulow F.W.: Colour-Its Principles and their Aplications /1972/
Thomson C.L.: Colour Films /1971/
Assessment methods and criteria
Participation in lecture is necessary requirement for successful course study. At the close the students complete a written test and oral exam.
No schedule has been prepared for this course