Theory of Montage 1

Display Schedule

Code Completion Credits Range Language Instruction Semester
306TM1 exam 2 2 lecture hours (45 min) of instruction per week, 10 exercise hours (45 min) of instruction per semester, 25 to 35 hours of self-study English winter

Subject guarantor

Martin ČIHÁK

Name of lecturer(s)

Martin ČIHÁK


The course applies structural and semiotic theories to analyses of a specific film work or part of a work. It introduces students to the connotations and methods of using the concepts of language, speech, code, sign, meaning, the signifier, the signified, text, metatext, narrative, message. It deals with the categories of signs and the typology of signs (icons, symbols, etc.).


  1. The beginnings of film composition (the Lumière brothers, Méliès, the Brighton School, Porter, Hepworth, Zecca, etc.)
  2. D. W. Griffith – founding father, structural methods of narration (linear montage, parallel and cross editing, retrospective montage, film punctuation, relation between the visual composition and subtitles); European steps in the Griffith direction
  3. Lev Kuleshov (periodization of work, basis, analysis of work – until 1930)
  4. V. Pudovkin (periodization of work, basis, analysis of work – until 1930)
  5. S. M. Eisenstein (periodization of work, basis, analysis of work – until 1930)
  6. A. Dovzhenko (periodization of work, basis, analysis of work – until 1930)
  7. Dziga Vertov (search for kinogram as an elementary unit of film; periodization of work, basis, analysis of work – until 1930)
  8. FEKS group and other selected personalities of the Russian school – G. Kozintsev, L. Trauberg, F. Ermler, B. Barnet, M. Kaufman, etc. (basis of work, analysis of work – until 1930)
  9. The contribution of Russian Montagers to the content and form of film (schools, directions, important personalities and works – synthesis) and Russian formalism (Shklovsky, Jakobson, Tynianov, etc.)
  10. Manifesto of sound film and its practical realizations in Soviet film (The Symphony of Donbas, The Deserter, etc.)
  11. Structural methods of avant-garde in film in the 20s and 30s (directions, classification, differences between French and German avant-garde, a photogeny)
  12. Structural analysis of documentaries until the arrival of sound (Cricks and Martin, Pathé, Flaherty, Vertov, Cavalcanti, Grierson, Ivens, Ruttmann, Vigo, etc. – periodization, main directions and their classification based on their structure)
  13. Specifics of structural analysis of Czechoslovak avant-garde in film (and photography) in the 30s on the background of European development

Learning outcomes


Prerequisites and other requirements



Vingt leçons sur l'image et le sens Broché de Guy Gauthier - 1970, Broché: 196 pages, Editeur : Edilig; Édition : 1re (1970)

ASIN: B0000DY02V

L'analyse des films de Jacques Aumont (Auteur), Michel Marie

Broché: 233 pages

Editeur : Armand Colin; Édition : 2e (24 novembre 2004)

Collection : Armand Colin cinéma

Langue : Français

ISBN-10: 2200341075

ISBN-13: 978-2200341077

L'image de Jacques Aumont

Broché: 304 pages

Editeur : Armand Colin; Édition : 3e édition (20 avril 2011)

Collection : Cinéma / Arts Visuels

Langue : Français

ISBN-10: 2200355947

ISBN-13: 978-2200355944

Martine Joly, Introduction à l'analyse de l'image, Paris, Nathan, 1998

ISBN 10 : 2091906344

ISBN 13 : 9782091906348

William John Thomas Mitchell, The Language of Images, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1980

(ISBN 9780226532158)

The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences by Michel Foucault

Paperback: 416 pages

Publisher: Vintage; Reissue edition (March 29, 1994)

Language: English

ISBN-10: 0679753354

ISBN-13: 978-0679753353

Cinema All the Time edited by: Jaroslav Anděl, Petr Szczepanik

published by: NFA

in year: 2008

ISBN 978-80-7004-137-6

number of pages: 316

binding: paperback

Evaluation methods and criteria

Activity in lectures

Completion of on-going tests

Completion of the final exam.



Schedule for winter semester 2023/2024:

room 311
Room No. 311

(Lažanský palác)

(lecture parallel1)
every second week starts on 05/10/2023
Date Day Time Tutor Location Notes No. of paralel
Thu 11:00–14:45 Martin ČIHÁK Room No. 311
Lažanský palác
every second week starts on 05/10/2023 lecture parallel1

Schedule for summer semester 2023/2024:

The schedule has not yet been prepared

The subject is a part of the following study plans